Variables that may relate to victim blame reported in popular print media articles on rape





Amada, G. (1989).  Date Rape on the college campus:  The college psychotherapist as activist.  Journal of College Student Development, 4, 89-93.


Bernat, J.A., A.E. Wilson, & K.S. Calhoun (1999).  Sexual Coercision History, Calloused Sexual Beliefs and Judgements of Sexual Coercion in a Date Rape Analogue.  Victims and Violence, 14, 147-160.


Bohner, G., M. Reinhard, S. Rutz, S. Sturm, B Kerschbaum, & D. Effler (1998).  Rape myths as neutralizing cognitions:  evidence for a causal impact of anti-victim attitudes on men’s self-reported likelihood of raping.  European Journal of Social Psychology, 28, 257-268.


Bondurant, B., & P.L.N. Donat (1999).  Perceptions of Women’s Sexual Interest and Acquaintance Rape:  The Role of Sexual Overperception and Affective Attitudes.  Psychology of Women Quarterly, 23, 691-705.


Caringella-Macdonald, D. (1998).  The Relative visibility of rape cases in national popular magazines.  Violence Against Women, 4, 62-81.


Chancer, L.S. (1998).  Playing Gender Against Race through High-Profile Crime Cases:  The Tyson/Thomas/Simpson Patterns of the 1990s.  Violence Against Women, 4, 100-114.


Dexter, H.R., S. Penrod, D. Linz, & D. Saunders (1997).  Attributing responsibility to female victims after exposure to sexually violent films.  Journal of Applied Psychology, 27, 2149-2171.


Emmers-Sommer, T.M. & M. Allen (1999).  Variables Related to Sexual Coercion:  A Path Model.  Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 16, 659-678.


Greene, D.M., & R.L. Navarro (1998).  Situation-specific Assertiveness In the Epidemiology of Sexual Victimization Among University Women:  A Prospective Path Analysis.  Psychology of Women Quarterly, 22, 589-603.


Gross, A.M., N.C. Weed, & G.D. Lawson.  Magnitude Scaling of Intensity of Sexual Refusal Behaviors in a Date Rape.  Violence Against Women, 4, 329-343.


Hammock, G.S. (1997).  Perceptions o Rape:  The Influence of Closeness or Relationship, Intoxication and Sex of Participant.  Violence Against Women, 12, 237-246.


Henley, N.M. & M. Miller (1995).  Syntax, Semantics, and Sexual Violence:  Agency and the Passive Voice.  Journal of Language & Social Psychology, 14, 60-85.


Johnson, B.E., D.L. Kuck, & P.R. Schander (1997).  Rape My Acceptance and Sociodemographic Characteristic:  A Multidimensional Analysis.  Sex Roles, 36, 693-707.


Karen, P.C., S.M. Dunn, S.M. Vali-Smith ( 1999).  What Date/Acquaintance Rape Victimes Tell Others:  A Study of College Student Recipients of Disclosure.  Journal of American College Health, 47, 213-220.


Krafka, C., D. Linz, E. Donnerstein, S. Penrod (1997).  Women’s Reactions to Sexually Aggressive Mass Media Depictions.  Violence Against Women, 3, 149-181.


Larimer, M.E., A.R. Lydum, B.K. Anderson, & A.P. Turner (1999).  Male and Female Recipients of Unwanted Sexual Contact in a College Student Sample:  Prevalence Rates, Alcohol Use, and Depression Symptoms.  Sex Roles, 40, 295-308.


Lehtinen, Ullaliina (1998).  How Does One Know What Shame Is?  Epistemology, Emotions, and Forms of Life in Juxtaposition.  Hypatia:  A Journal of Feminist Philosophy, 13, 66-77.


Lennon, S.J., K.K. Johnson, T.L. Schultz (1999).  Forging linkages between dress and law in the U.S.:  Part 1. Rape and sexual harassment.  Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, 17, 144-156.


Los, M., & S.E. Chamard (1997).  Selling Newspapers or Educating the Public?  Sexual Violence in the Media.  Canadian Journal of Criminology, 39, 294-328.


Mahoney, P. (1999).  High Rape Chronicity and Low Rates of Help-Seeking Among Wife Rape Survivors in a Nonclinical Sample:  Imlications for Research and Practice.  Violence Against Women, 5, 993-1016.


Marx, B.P., A.M. Gross, & H.E. Adams (1999).  The Effect of Alcohol on the Responses of Sexually Coercive and Noncoercive Men to an Experimental Rape Analogue.  Sexual Abuse:  A Journal of Research and Treatment, 11, 131-145.


Marx, B.P., A.M. Gross, & J.P. Juergens (1997).  The Effects of Alcohol Consumption and Expectancies in an Experimental Date Rape Analogue.  Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 19, 281-302.


Matoesian, G. (2000).  Intertextual authority in reported speech:  Productrion media in the Kennedy Smith rape trial.  Journal of Pragmatics, 32, 879-914.


McCaw, J.M., & C.Y. Seen (1998).  Perception of Cues in Conflictual Dating Situation:  A Test of Miscommunication Hypothesis.  Violence Against Women, 4, 609-624.


McCollum, H. (1998).  What the Papers Say.  Trouble and Strife:  The Radical Feminist Magazine, 37.


McCormick, J.S., & A. Maric (1998).  Relationship to victim predicts sentence length in sexual assult cases.  Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 13, 413-421.


Mullin, C. & D.J. Imrich  (1996).  The Impact of Acquaintance Rape Stories and Case-Specific Pretrail Publicity on Juror Decision Making.  Communication Research, 23, 100-136.


McKay, J. (1993).  “Marked Men” and “Wanton Women”:  The politics of naming sexual “deviance” in sport.  Journal of Men’s Studies, 2, 69-87.


Pearson, Alyn (2000).  Rape Culture:  Media and Message.  Off Our Backs, 8, 13.


Pinzone-Glover, H.A., C.A. Gidycz, & C.D. Jacobs (1998).  An Acquaintance Rape Prevention Program:  Effects on Attitudes Toward Women, Rape-Related Attitudes, and Perceptions of Rape Scenarios.  Psychology of Women Quarterly, 23, 605-621.


Pollard, P. (1995).  Rape reporting as a function of victim-offender relationship:  A critique of the lack of effect reported by Bachman (1993).  Criminal Justice & Behavior, 22, 74-80.


Power, G.J., S.T. Murphy, G. Coover (1996).  Priming prejeudice:  How stereotypes and counter-stereotypes influence attribution of responsibility and credibility among ingroups and outgroups.  Human Communication Research, 23, 36-58.


Ryckman, R.M., S.S. Graham, B. Thorton, J.A. Gold, & M.A. Linder.  Physical Size Stereotypind as a Mediator of Attributions of Responsibility in an Alleged Date-Rape Situation.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20, 1876-1888.


Schwartz, M.D., & M.S. Leggett (1999).  Bad Dates or Emotional Trauma?:  The Aftermath of Campus Sexual Assault.  Violence Against Women, 5, 251-271.


Stormo, K.J., A.R. Lang, & W.G.K. Stritzke (1997).  Attributions About Acquaintance Rape:  The Role of Alcohol and Individual Differences.  Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 27, 279-305.


Swim, J. & E. Borgida (1987).  Public Opinion on the Psychological and Legal Aspects of Television Rape Trials.  The Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 507-518.


Varelas, N. & L.A. Foley (1998).  Blacks’ and Whites’ Perceptions of Interracial and Intraracial Date Rapes.  The Journal of Social Psychology, 138, 392-400.


Wagstaff, G.F. (1982).  Attitudes to Rape:  The “Just World” strikes again?.   Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, 35, 277-279.


Walsh, J.F., B.M. DeVellis, R.F. DeVellis (1997).  Date and Acquaintance Rape:  Development and Validation of a Set of Scales.  Violence Against Women, 3, 46-58.


West, D.J. (1999).  Boys and Sexual Abuse:  An English Opinion.  Archives of Sexual Behavior, 27, 539-599.


Winkel, F.W. & E. DeKleuver (1997).  Communication aimed at changing cognitions about sexual intimidation:  Comparing the impact of a perpetrator-focused versus a victim-focused persuasive strategy.  Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 12, 513-530.


Workman, J.E., & E.W. Freeburg (1999).  An Examination of Date Rape, Victim Dress, and Perceiver Variables  Withing the Context of Attribution Theory.  Sex Roles, 41, 261-277.


Yescavage, K. (1999).  Teaching Women a Lesson:  Sexually Aggressive and Sexually Nonaggressive Men’s Perceptions of Acquaintance and Date Rape.  Violence Against Women, 5, 796-812.


Youn, G. (1987).  On using public media for prevention of rape.  Psychological Reports, 61, 237-238



Journal of Sex Research, vol 36, Aug 99, 250-257

Journal of College Student Development, Vol 40, N/D 1999, 701-709

Journal of American College Health, Vol 47, Mar 99, 213-219

Journal of American College Health, Vol 46, Jan 98, 177-180

Jouranl of Interpersonal Violence, Vol 12, Jun 97, 407-419


“Confronting Rape and Sexual Assult” by Kimmel, Odem, Clay-Warner